EPR, which stands for Extended Producers Responsibility, is a government strategy in which producers are assigned vital responsibility for the treatment and disposal of consumer goods. EPR authorisation is required for producers, importers, manufacturers, and brand owners. EPR is a practise that combines environmental, economic, and social concerns. EPR is a policy method in which manufacturers are held financially and physically responsible for the treatment and disposal of post-consumer items. In theory, assigning such accountability might generate incentives to decrease waste at the source, promote environmentally friendly product design, and support public recycling and waste management goals. The OECD is working to broaden EPR to encompass more products, product groups, and waste streams, like as electrical appliances.
EPR was created in India to deal with e-waste. As a result, the central government decided to pass the E-waste Management Act of 2016. The EPR focuses on the following topics:
As one result, producers, importers, brand owners, and manufacturers in India can apply for an EPR licence. EPR accreditation is required for all E-waste makers and importers in India. Under the EPR authorisation, Indian and foreign manufacturers or importers of electoral and electronic equipment must obtain E-waste certification.
Given the increasing volume of e-waste in India, the government decided to reconsider their policy alternatives. It decided that shifting responsibility for specific items’ post-consumer phases to the manufacturers could be a valid option. Under the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) policy approach, producers are allocated significant financial and physical duty for the treatment or disposal of post-consumer items. Assigning such duty may result in the creation of incentives to decrease waste at the source, encourage environmentally friendly product design, and support public recycling and waste management objectives. EPR is being expanded by the OECD to include more products, product groups, and waste streams, such as electrical appliances and electronics.
Producers, importers, manufacturers, and brand owners should be required to submit a file to the CPCB.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) or a state pollution control board may evaluate and investigate the given information within 25 days of receiving an application.
The Central Pollution Control Board or the State Pollution Control Board seeks EPR authorization for E-waste after reviewing the submitted documentation and being satisfied with the extended producers’ responsibility plan.
The Producers Responsibility extension will be valid for five years.
Extended producer responsibility is frequently mentioned as a strategy for mitigating planned obsolescence since it financially incentivizes manufacturers to design for recycling and make goods last longer. Governments may be alleviated of the financial strain of paying for and handling rubbish by shifting some of the cost responsibilities to the manufacturer, in addition to combating planned obsolescence. One of the benefits of EPR is that it becomes increasingly effective when countries who export E-waste are compelled to do so. Regulation of e-waste compels infrastructure to either cope with the garbage or adopt new manufacturing methods. When more countries implement these measures, it becomes more difficult for others to ignore the issues. Trash accumulated at ports after China prohibited the import of E-waste from the United States; for example, the absence of infrastructure surrounding recycling E-waste in the United States has been possible due to the freedom to export and producers’ indifference. The growing weight of e-waste is pressing countries to build infrastructure and compelling local and federal governments to put additional rules on corporations.
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