E-Waste, also known as WEEE (Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment), is made up of broken end-of-life E.E.E. (Electronic and Electrical Equipment) products that have been declared outdated by users. Used and abandoned computers, mobile phones and motherboards, obsolete chargers, CDs, DVDs, headphones, televisions, air conditioners, and other electronic waste are examples of E-Waste. According to the global E-Waste Monitor Report, approximately 53.6 million metric tonnes of E-Waste were generated worldwide in 2019. Furthermore, according to The Central Pollution Control Board data, approximately 10.14 lakh tonnes of E-Waste were generated in India in 2019-20.
E-Waste, also known as WEEE (Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment), is made up of broken end-of-life E.E.E. (Electronic and Electrical Equipment) products that have been declared outdated by users. Used and abandoned computers, mobile phones and motherboards, obsolete chargers, CDs, DVDs, headphones, televisions, air conditioners, and other electronic waste are examples of E-Waste. According to the global E-Waste Monitor Report, approximately 53.6 million metric tonnes of E-Waste were generated worldwide in 2019. Furthermore, according to The Central Pollution Control Board data, approximately 10.14 lakh tonnes of EWaste were generated in India in 2019-20.
According to the rules of the E-Waste (Management) Regulations, 2016, any individual who desires to establish a recycling business in India can register for the E-waste recycling authorization.
It is critical to comprehend the notion of E-Waste recycling before beginning the process of obtaining E-Waste Recycling authorization. E-waste recycling is the process of reprocessing any electrical device by separating the components and parts, which are then used as raw materials to manufacture new products. People are becoming more aware of the advantages of E-Waste management, particularly E-Waste recycling, at this time. E-waste recycling plants separate, dismantle, and treat unwanted electronic products.
The dismantling operation entails the process of manually or mechanically sorting the components and materials so that the segregated waste can be channelled to the next step of E-Waste recovery. For example, aluminium and steel parts that do not contain any harmful materials can be recycled. Other parts containing hazardous substances must be delivered to authorised e-waste recyclers.
The following elements and components must be removed from end-of-life products and carefully stored before being transported to recyclers:
2. E.E. Printed Circuit Boards
3. Toner Cartridges
5. External electrical cables
Before the dismantling process may begin, the following conditions must be met:
A dismantler needs space to store electrical and electronic equipment for up to 180 days, space for the dismantling and volume reduction process, space to store dismantled and segregated material, and open space for office/administration and other utilities to move around. A minimum of 300 square metres is expected to be required for raw material storage, separated material storage, dismantle activities, and office/administration & other utilities for a dismantling capability of 1T/day.
The E-Waste Management Regulations 2016 were amended on March 22, 2018, by G.S.R. 261 notice (E). The phase-by-phase collection targets for e-waste in weight will be 10% of waste generation during 2017-18, as stated in the E.P.R. Plan.
The E-Waste recycling authorization process is required under Rule 13(1)(ii), (iii), and (iv) of the E-Waste Management Regulations, 2016 for the producers/recyclers of EEE (Electrical and Electronic Equipment) mentioned in Schedule-1 to the said rules.
Manufacturers, producers, consumers, bulk consumers, collection centres, dealers, e-retailers, refurbishers, dismantlers, and recyclers who are engaged in manufacturing benefit from the establishment of E-Waste Recycling Facilities.
To establish an E-waste factory, the following standards must be met:
When an application for an E-Waste recycling plant is filed to the State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee, it must be supported by the following documents:
Then if the recycling plant is Pvt Ltd/Public Ltd Company
The E-Waste Management Act of 2016 governs the process of getting an E-Waste Recycling Authorization from the State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee. The authorization process for E-Waste Recycling includes filing an application, reviewing the submitted application, and awarding the licence.
The recycler must first register on the state pollution control board’s or Pollution Control Committee’s official website. Upon registration, the Application for E-Waste Recycling Authorization must be completed with all necessary information such as the Name of the Authorized Personnel, Details of the CTO, and etc.
Furthermore, once the application is finished with the attached document, it must be submitted, after which it is examined by the District Environmental Engineer (DEE) for verification and authentication. If there is an error in the Application submitted with the document, it is returned to the recyclers for correction.
Lastly, if there are no errors in the application and all documents are checked, the E-Waste Recycling Authorisation is issued.
The Central Pollution Control Board is obligated to review the E-Waste recycling authorization application and award EPR-Authorization within 120 days of receipt of the entire application.
After receiving E-Waste Recycling authorization from the State Pollution Control Board/Pollution Control Committee, recyclers must follow specific restrictions, including:
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